• Users Online: 97
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 240-244

Incidence of epilepsy and cognitive impairment following traumatic brain injury: a hospital based cross-sectional study


1 Consultant Psychiatrist, Nizamabad, India
2 I/c Professor of Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajasekhar Reballi
Address: H. No. 1-51/26/1, Bank Colony, Boregaon (P.O), Nizamabad-503230. Telangana
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Background: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a risk factor for epilepsy. Several studies have been conducted to estimate the incidence of epilepsy after TBI. Similarly cognitive impairment is a common consequence of TBI and a substantial source of disability. Aims: To study the incidence of epilepsy and cognitive impairment following TBI and correlate the findings with radiological abnormalities. Method: The study was conducted on 50 consecutive patients with TBI based on the assessment of clinical history for epilepsy and MMSE for cognitive impairment. Results: The incidence of epilepsy after TBI was found to be 40% in our study. It was increased to 50% among the individuals with radiological abnormality on CT scan brain following TBI. Cognitive impairment was found to be highest in individuals with frontal lobe injury (mean MMSE score – 24.13) followed by temporal lobe injury (mean MMSE score – 25.25) and parietal lobe injury (mean MMSE score 26.28). Individuals with no radiologically detectable injury had least cognitive impairment (mean MMSE score - 27.97) Moreover, cognitive impairment was more in individuals with higher number of days in hospital and greater psychological distress. Conclusion: Severity of TBI and presence of radiological abnormality influence new onset epilepsy after TBI. Similarly, injury to frontal lobe and higher number of days in hospital influence cognitive impairment after TBI.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed821    
    Printed70    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded91    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal