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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-21

Education for children with special needs: Journey from segregation to inclusion

1 PhD scholar, Department of Psychology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
2 Assistant professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Kriti Vyas
PhD scholar, Department of psychology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Children with special needs are those who have physical, emotional or learning difficulties. Historically society has always discriminated and never recognised their rights. Pioneers in the field worked and proved that specialised techniques can be used to teach the children with special needs. Objective: The current paper explains the concept of special education and how it is different from general education system. It describes about the various acts and policies which led to the development in the field of education for children with disabilities. Discussion: Initially there were special schools to teach the children with special needs. But then the work started towards integrating these children into regular schools. Then finally government came up with the policy of inclusive education. This progression was due to the shift in the model of disability i.e. from medical model to social model of disability. The people started recognising the drawbacks of segregation and integrated system of education. Methods: Conclusion: In moving towards inclusion, there are several barriers which need to be addressed. Government need to create awareness programs in sensitizing the people about education for children with special needs.

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