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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-30

The impact of perceived social support on depression among elderly population in Kolkata

1 Assistant professor of Psychology, Department of psychology, South Calcutta Girls' College, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Research scholar, Centre d' anthropologie culturelle (CANTHEL), Université Descartes, Sorbonne, Paris
3 Research scholar, Indira Gandhi National Open University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Partha Malakar
Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, South Calcutta Girls' College, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Depression is a condition where a person feels low mood and repugnance to activity which can influence a person's mental processes, behavior as well as his or her perception toward health and prosperity (APA, 2013). Aims: The aim of the study is to show the impact of perceived social support on depression in elderly population. Methodology: Married non Bengali elderly male and female of Kolkata city with 60 to 65 years of age and having the range of educational qualification from higher secondary to masters with monthly income of Rs. (10,000-50,000) were selected as study participants. The total number of participants was about 100 people (50 males and 50 females) and an assurance was obtained from the participants that they did not suffer from severe physical and psychological problems. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and The Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Social Support were administered to the participants to assess their level of depressive symptoms and perceived social support. Results: The analysis of the study revealed that sex difference was significant only in depression but not in perceived social support. The analysis further revealed that elderly people differed significantly in terms of depression due to the variation in perceived social support. Conclusion: Therefore, it can be concluded that elderly people must be dealt with proper care and support, so that they don' t feel neglected and rejected by their fellow members either in home or in the society.

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