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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-63

Western colonial wave in Indian psychiatry - An overview

1 Resident Doctor, Department of Psychiatry, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pranjal Dey
Qtr No. 02, New Type 4 Quarters, CIP, Kanke, Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AMH.AMH_11_19

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British colonialism brought a western impact in Indian psychiatry. Starting from the early colonial times when mental asylums were set up in major cities of India to cater the British and Indian soldiers. Then in late colonial period there was a discernible growth in the number of mental asylums away from major cities to cater the local population. Also during this period First Lunacy Act was enacted by the British Parliament which brought many changes in the administration and healthcare system of mental asylums in a more humanistic approach. In pre independence period there was a major change in treatment standard of mental hospitals with introduction of different modes of therapy, medication, rehabilitation technique. Also efforts to train medical and nursing personnel in Psychiatry were started during this period. General hospital psychiatry care was introduced during this period. Thus current practice and training in Psychiatry in India functions courtesy of the moulds constructed during the colonial times.

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