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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-66

Medical and psychological comorbidity among COVID patients during the first wave in Dharwad District of South India: A cross-sectional study


1 Assistant Professor, Departments of Psychiatric Social Work, Dharwad Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
2 Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Dharwad Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry & Human Behaviour, Goa, India
4 Professor, Departments of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India
5 Assistant Professor, Centre for PSS in Disaster Management, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India
6 MPhil scholar, Department of Social Work, Central University of Karnataka, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kannappa V Shetty
Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Dharwad Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/amh.amh_136_21

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Background: The COVID-19 is a viral communicable disease and the World Health Organization declared it as a public health emergency of international concern. This pandemic has challenged the entire world including India's health-care system and resources. It is a devastating recurrence in people with underlying health issues or comorbidities, eventually resulting in mortality. Comorbidities including both medical and psychological disorders among COVID patients have a large amount of impact on the individual's mental health as well as functioning. Materials and Methods: The study comprised 800 hospitalized COVID-19 patients during the first wave from North Karnataka region in India. The data were collected using a structured interview schedule through hospital telephones. The ethical approval was obtained from the Institute Research Ethics Committee. Results: The mean age of the hospitalized COVID patients was 41.02 ± 15.21, and the mean age of comorbidity was 47.69 ± 14.84. Following medical comorbidities such as diabetes (9.3%), hypertension (9.3%), cancer (1.8%), diabetes + hypertension (2.1%), and asthma (0.9%) and psychological comorbidities such as anxiety (3.8%) and depression (3.3%) were found among the hospitalized COVID patients during the first wave. Conclusions: It can be observed that comorbidity may increase the risk of death among COVID patients who were hospitalized and appropriate medical and psychological interventions can be provided for various co comorbidities at the earliest to prevent further defuncting and distress caused by the pandemic.


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