A cross-sectional study on domestic violence, marital satisfaction, and quality of life among partners of patients with alcohol use disorder
Divija Bunga1, Rajshekhar Bipeta2, Umashankar Molanguri3
1 Senior Resident, Department of Psychiatry, MGM Hospital, Warangal, Telangana, India
2 Professor and Deputy Superintendent, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Professor and Superintendent, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Osmania Medical College, SR Nagar, Hyderabad - 500 038, Telangana
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Introduction: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) have adverse effects on physical and psychosocial health and results in marital problems with reduced quality of life in partners.
Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of the study are to investigate the relationship between domestic violence (DV), marital satisfaction, and well-being in partners of AUD patients.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on patients with AUD and their partners. We administered the Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire to the participants and DV questionnaire, marital satisfaction scale, coping questionnaire, and the World Health Organization (WHO-5) well-being index scales to the partners.
Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics were depicted using frequency tables, and linear regression analysis was performed.
Results: DV was reported by 36.98% of the partners, and the marital satisfaction rate was 62.58%. The WHO-5 well-being was 33.88%, engaged coping was 38.60%, tolerant coping was 23.60%, withdrawal coping being 6.18%, and total coping was 72.76%. The severity of alcohol dependence syndrome (ADS) negatively correlated with well-being (r = 0.24) and marital satisfaction (r = 0.17). Furthermore, DV showed a negative correlation with the marital satisfaction (r = 0.32; P = 0.02) and well-being (r = 0.50; P = 0.0001) with statistical significance.
Conclusions: The majority of the partners experienced DV, marital dissatisfaction, and poor well-being.