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Prevalence of specific learning disorders in school children in a South Indian city

1 Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Dr. Pinnamaneni Siddhartha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychologist, Meenakshi Medical College and Research Institute, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Professor and HOD, Meenakshi Medical College and Research Institute, kancheepuram, India
4 Professor and HOD, Department of Psychiatry, AIIMS, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Shailaja Bandla,
14-195, Mahadevapuram Colony, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/amh.amh_168_22

Background: Specific learning disorders (SLDs) are an important cause of academic problems in school children mandating assessment and remediation. Aim: To document the psychosocial profile and prevalence of SLDs in school children. Materials and Methods: A total of 981 children studying in 3rd to 5th standard were screened for the presence of SLDs in a stepwise approach after taking permission from school authorities and consent from parents. Raven's Progressive Matrices, Malins Intelligence Scale, and NIMHANS SLD Index were used for assessment. Statistical analysis was performed using Epi info software. Results: The prevalence of SLDs was found to be 6.1% (n = 60). Dyslexia was the most common SLD (n = 38; 63%) followed by combined type (n = 28; 46%). A significant association was found between consanguinity (P = 0.02) and delayed milestones (P = 0.02). Conclusion: There is a need for creating the awareness among parents and teachers regarding SLDs and to screen children for the early identification and remediation.

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