Archives of Mental Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23--29

Assessment of social functioning, quality of life, and social support in persons with schizophrenia: A gender difference


Shrishti Dahuja1, Upendra Singh2, Ram Pratap Beniwal3 
1 Junior Research Fellow, Department of Psychiatry and Drug De-addiction, Centre of Excellence in Mental Health, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Senior Lecturer, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Centre of Excellence in Mental Health, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India
3 Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Drug De-addiction, Centre of Excellence in Mental Health, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ram Pratap Beniwal
Room No. 5, Department of Psychiatry and Drug De-addiction, Centre of Excellence in Mental Health, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi
India

Context: The outcome of schizophrenia (SZ) is impaired psychosocial functioning and poor quality of life (QOL) which is associated with burdens and societal expenditure to the caregivers. Aims: This study was aimed to access the difference in social occupational functioning, QOL, and social support between male and female patients with SZ. Settings and Design: This is a cross-sectional observational study conducted on persons with SZ visiting the psychiatry outpatient department in a tertiary care teaching institute. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of N = 200 persons with SZ (International Classification of Diseases-10) aged 21–45 years of both genders. The assessment of socio-occupational functioning, QOL, and social support with administering the Social Occupational Functioning Scale (SOFS), World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF Scale, and PGI Social Support questionnaire. Statistical Analysis: A Chi-square test was applied for discrete variables and a t-test for continuous variables. An independent sample t-test was used to assess differences between the males and females. Results: Overall, males were more educated than females. Occupationally, there was a significant difference between males and females (P = 0.000). A significant difference (P = 0.000) was found between males and females on total socio-occupational functioning and social support (P = 0.000). The difference between males and females on QOL was observed on perceived physical health (P = 0.000) and psychological health (P = 0.039). Conclusions: This study confirms that there is a definite gender difference in SZ on psychosocial and QOL. Males were physically, psychologically healthier and had better socio-occupational functions as well as strong social support compared to females.


How to cite this article:
Dahuja S, Singh U, Beniwal RP. Assessment of social functioning, quality of life, and social support in persons with schizophrenia: A gender difference.Arch Ment Health 2022;23:23-29


How to cite this URL:
Dahuja S, Singh U, Beniwal RP. Assessment of social functioning, quality of life, and social support in persons with schizophrenia: A gender difference. Arch Ment Health [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Nov 29 ];23:23-29
Available from: https://www.amhonline.org/article.asp?issn=2589-9171;year=2022;volume=23;issue=1;spage=23;epage=29;aulast=Dahuja;type=0